Monday, 26 September 2016 12:28

Genetic merit and profit link out from under the microscope

Written by 
Jo Newton Jo Newton

TWENTY-SEVEN dairy farms across Australia will be put under the microscope to prove the link between genetic merit of animals and on-farm performance. 

Speaking to Dairy News Australia as part of last month’s Future Ready Expo in Bega, research scientist Dr Jo Newton said the Improving Herds project will ensure the science behind genetics is backed up by real-world application. 

‘’It’s one thing to do genetic research in an office building somewhere, but it’s another to actually take what you’ve learned and translate it into real on-farm applications and results,” Dr Newton, from the Victorian Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources (DEDJTR)  said. 

The project has genomic tested each focus farms’ rising two year old heifers, totalling more than 2500. 

“So now we already have information about the genetic merit of these animals before we know their lactation, their susceptibility to disease, etc and through the lifetime of the project we will be able to follow these cows, through their first lactation, through their second lactation and see how that performance in the dairy translates back to their predicted genetic merit,” Dr Newton said. 

“We’re looking to demonstrate the value that better data recording and high genetic merit can contribute to farmer profit.”  

Previous research has confirmed high genetic merit cows are more profitable. 

 ‘’The focus farm model enables the information to be gathered at various regions and various types of farm systems.’’ 

Dr Newton said environmental factors – such as mastitis – are accounted for within the study. 

“’One of the advantages of looking across some many different focus farms is that we can look within a herd. 

‘’And when you are comparing animals within the same herd, they are subject to the same management routines and environmental conditions.”’ 

The Improving Herds project has been developed by the Gardiner Foundation, lead by DEDJTR and supported by Dairy Australia, ADHIS, National Herd Improvement Association and Holstein Australia.

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